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National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)

The National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD) is a right-wing party in Germany with racist, anti-Semitic nationalist and antidemocratic positions which considered anti-constitutional by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. The party was founded in 1964 in the Federal Republic of Germany and demands an authoritarian state with a homogenous people. The NPD relates to the ideology of the only party in the National Socialist dictatorship, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP). In 2001, the federal government, including the parliament and the federal states, filed a motion with the Federal Constitutional Court to ban the NPD. In 2003, the motion failed due to technical reasons. In 2013, the federal states once again filed motion to ban the NPD, which was rejected by the Federal Constitutional Court. Although the Court considered the party anti-constitutional, it described the party’s influence too insignificant to justify a formal ban.