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Repatriates (since 1993 known as “late repatriates”) are “ethnic German” migrants who migrated from the former Soviet Union and other Eastern European countries to the Federal Republic of Germany (FDR) after 1950 through a special procedure. They had migrated to these regions in earlier migration movements, some dating back several hundred years. Since (late) repatriates are defined as “ethnic Germans” in the German Basic Law, they are immediately awarded German citizenship. (Late) repatriates from the former Soviet Union are also known as “Russia Germans” or Germans from Russia. The immigration of (late) repatriates peaked at the beginning of the 1990s.